Our Changing Atmosphere

118-119: Our Changing Atmosphere 

Data for carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and methane concentrations over time from ‘Great Acceleration’, International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, 2015. Accessed at http://www.igbp.net/globalchange/greatacceleration.4.1b8ae20512db692f2a680001630.html

120-121: The Greenhouse Effect

Sources of greenhouse gases detailed in ‘IPCC, 2014: Summary for Policymakers’, Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Available at http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/wg3/ipcc_wg3_ar5_summary-for-policymakers.pdf 

122-123: Hole in the Sky

Ozone depletion maps based on images compiled by NASA. Accessed at http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/WorldOfChange/ozone.php?all=y 

124-125: A Warmer World

Main temperature rise graphic based on data from ‘IPCC Fifth Assessment Report - Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis’, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 2013. Accessed at https://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/wg1/WGIAR5_SPM_brochure_en.pdf

“Rising waters” graphic uses data from ‘Impact of sea level rise in Bangladesh’, United Nations Environment Programme, 2008. Accessed at

The map of seasonal ice melt in the Arctic uses information from ‘The Future of Arctic Shipping’, Malte Humpert and Andreas Raspotnik, The Arctic Institute, 2012. Accessed at http://www.thearcticinstitute.org/the-future-of-arctic-shipping/

126-127: Seasons Out of Sync

“Warming waters” panel uses information from ‘Summer flounder stirs north-south climate change battle’, Marianne Lavelle, The Daily Climate, June 3, 2014. Accessed at http://www.dailyclimate.org/tdc-newsroom/2014/06/summer-flounder-moves-north/

“Indian monsoon” panel uses information from ‘The Indian Monsoon in a Changing Climate’, Andy Turner, Royal Meteorological Society. Accessed at
http://www.rmets.org/weather-and-climate/climate/indian-monsoon-changing-climate and  ‘Asian monsoon discovery suggests rains will increase under climate change’, Robert McSweeney, Carbon Brief, 14 September 2014. Accessed at http://www.carbonbrief.org/blog/2014/09/asian-monsoon-discovery-suggests-rains-will-increase-under-climate-change/

 “Rainfall” panel on climate change in Australia uses information from ‘Top scientists agree climate has changed for good’, ABC news, 3 April 2013. Accessed at 

“Earlier spring” panel uses information from ‘Spring is Coming Earlier’, Climate Central, Mar 18th, 2015. Accessed at

130-131: Extreme World

The chart uses information from a number of sources, including the following:

‘Extreme Dry, Climate Hot Map’, Union of Concerned Scientists, 2011. Accessed at

‘Is the Flooding in Pakistan a Climate Change Disaster?’, Nathaniel Gronewold and Climatewire, Scientific American, August 18, 2010. Accessed at

‘Climate change in the Fertile Crescent and implications of the recent Syrian drought’, Colin P. Kelley, Shahrzad Mohtadi, Mark A. Cane, Richard Seager and Yochanan Kushnir, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, March 2, 2015. Accessed at

‘Did climate change cause Typhoon Haiyan?’, Quirin Schiermeier, Nature: International weekly journal of science, 11 November 2013. Accessed at

‘Hurricanes and Climate Change’, Union of Concerned Scientists. Accessed at

132-133: The Two-degree Limit

Carbon budget statistics and graphics based on data from ‘Climate Change: Actions, trends and implications for business’, IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, Working Group I, September 2013. Accessed at https://europeanclimate.org/documents/IPCCWebGuide.pdf

134-135: Feedback Loops

Amazon drought fact from ‘The 2010 Amazon Drought’, Simon Lewis et al, published in Science Magazine Vol. 331, Issue 6017, 4 February 2011. Accessed at http://science.sciencemag.org/content/331/6017/554

136-137: How Much Can We Burn?

Facts and figures for the graphics are from ‘The Unburnable Carbon Concept Data 2013’, Carbon Tracker Initiative, September 17, 2014. Accessed at 

138-139: The Carbon Crossroads

Information on the Representative Concentration Pathways is from the IPCC report
‘Climate Change 2014 Synthesis Report: Summary for Policymakers’, Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Accessed at https://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/syr/AR5_SYR_FINAL_SPM.pdf

140-141: The Carbon Cycle

Figures used in the main graphic are those found in ‘The Carbon Cycle and the Climate System’, IPPC Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2007, IPCC, 2007. Accessed at http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/ch7s7-3.html#7-3-1

Deforestation graphic is based on data in ‘Deforestation and net forest area change, FAO Forest Resources Assessment 2010’, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 4 November 2011. Accessed at http://www.fao.org/forestry/30515/en/

142-143: Targets for the Future

Main graphic of top 10 polluting countries is based on data from  ‘6 Graphs Explain the World’s Top 10 Emitters’, Mengpin Ge, Johannes Friedrich and Thomas Damassa, World Resources Institute, November 25, 2014. Accessed at http://www.wri.org/blog/2014/11/6-graphs-explain-world%E2%80%99s-top-10-emitters

144-145: Toxic Air

Physical impacts of air toxins graphic draws on information from Burden of disease from Ambient Air Pollution for 2012, World Health Organisation, 2014. Accessed at http://www.who.int/phe/health_topics/outdoorair/databases/AAP_BoD_results_March2014.pdf and ‘Desolation of smog: Tackling China’s air quality crisis’, David Shukman, BBC News, 7 January 2014. Accessed at

Global air toxicity map based on ‘The Global Toll of Fine Particulate Matter’, Earth Observatory, NASA, September 19, 2013. Accessed at