Chapter 3. The Ecological Weave
The dynamic nutrient knife-edge
For an explanation on why the Bodélé Depression is such a major source of dust see this 2006 paper by Washington et al., ‘Links between topography, wind, deflation, lakes and dust: The case of the Bodélé Depression’ http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2006GL025827/full.
Mycorrhizae: the wood-wide web
For an overview on the important role played by soil fungi in plants’ ability to take up nutrients see this paper by James Bever et al https://academic.oup.com/bioscience/article/51/11/923/227109.
On the role of soil fungi in shaping the diversity of the forest see Kabir Peay et al https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3749505/.
More on how fungi might help to ward off pest attacks in this paper by Zdenka Babikova et al ‘Underground signals carried through common mycelial networks warn neighbouring plants of aphid attack’ http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ele.12115/abstract;jsessionid=226B0DF55E9058CEF810C9C1A778EE86.f01t01.
An ecological tapestry of connections
The role of bats as pollinators and agents of seed dispersal is explored a little in this article http://www.bats.org.uk/pages/why_bats_matter.html.
Dispersal: how and why the seeds move around the forest
For more on the seed-dispersing role of red-knobbed hornbills see this 1998 paper by Margaret Kinnaird, ‘Evidence for Effective Seed Dispersal by the Sulawesi Red-Knobbed Hornbill, Aceros cassidix’ http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1744-7429.1998.tb00368.x/abstract.
Research by Campos-Arciez and Blake into ‘Megagardeners of the forest – the role of elephants in seed dispersal’ can be found in this 2011 paper http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1146609X11000154.
More on how some forest mammals disperse mycorrhizal fungi can be found in this paper by Paul Reddell et al http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1744-7429.1997.tb00023.x/abstract.
On the extent to which the loss of large animals can affect the carbon storage in tropical rainforests, research findings from Carolina Bello et al. can be found in this 2015 paper ‘Defaunation affects carbon storage in tropical forests’ http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/1/11/e1501105.