Chapter 6. Forest Clearance In The Americas

Theodore Roosevelt’s quote is taken from Catherine Caufield’s In the Rainforest, University of Chicago Press, 1991.

American clearances
For more on the state of Brazil’s Atlantic Forests see Ribeiro et al. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320709000974 

On the status of Guatemala’s forests see http://theredddesk.org/countries/guatemala

The state of forests in Ecuador is explored more here http://www.rainforestinfo.org.au/projects/jefferson.htm.

For a fuller explanation of historic deforestation (and not only in South and Central America but globally) see Michael Williams’s book, Deforesting the Earth http://press.uchicago.edu/ucp/books/book/chicago/D/bo3770940.html

The Orinoco and the Amazon
More information on the deforestation rate in the countries of the Amazon basin, including Peru, Bolivia and Colombia, can be found in this overview presented by Mongabay https://rainforests.mongabay.com/amazon/amazon_countries.html

Big beef in the Amazon: the soya clearances
The high proportion of tropical forest loss that between 1980 and 2000 that was caused by conversion to agricultural land is covered by Gibbs et al. in their 2010 paper “Tropical Forests Were the Primary Sources of New Agricultural Land in the 1980s and 1990s” https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20807750 

More information on the extent to which agriculture is a driver of at least 40 per cent of recent deforestation is presented by the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) 2016 State of the World’s Forests: Forests and Agriculture Land Use Challenges and Opportunities http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5588e.pdf

The dramatic drop in the deforestation rate in the Brazilian Amazon between 2004 and 2012 is documented in the diagram presented by Mongabay https://news.mongabay.com/2017/10/deforestation-drops-16-in-the-brazilian-amazon/. This article also registers the recent reversal of progress toward reducing the pace of forest loss.